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Griffin-Nolan, R., Bensaddek, L., Decocq, G., Hikosaka, K., Kichey, T., LeVonne, J., Mishio, M., and Fridley, J.D. 2024. Away-range shifts in leaf function of a global invader: a case of resource reallocation? Biological Invasions, in press.

Fridley, J.D. and Palmquist, K.A. 2024. Herbaceous Vegetation, Species Richness in. In: Scheiner Samuel M. (eds.) Encyclopedia of Biodiversity 3rd edition, vol. 2, pp. 711–718. Oxford: Elsevier.


Seebens, H., Meyerson, L. A., Rahlao, S. J., Lenzner, B., Tricarico, E., Aleksanyan, A., Courchamp, F., Keskin, E., Saeedi, H., Tawake, A., and Pyšek, P. (2023). Chapter 2: Trends and status of alien and invasive alien species. In: Thematic Assessment Report on Invasive Alien Species and their Control of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. Roy, H. E., Pauchard, A., Stoett, P., and Renard Truong, T. (eds.). IPBES secretariat, Bonn, Germany. [one of ca. 50 contributing authors] 

Fridley, J.D., Liu, X., Perez-Harguindeguy, N., Chapin III, F. S., Crawley, M., De Deyn, G., Díaz, S., Grace, J., Grubb, P., Harrison, S., Lavorel, S., Liu, Z., Pierce, S., Schmid, B., Stevens, C., Wardle, D., and Westoby, M. 2023. Perspectives on the scientific legacy of J. Philip Grime. Journal of Ecology 111: 1814-1831. [online] [PDF]

Stark, J.M. and Fridley, J.D. 2023. Topographic drivers of soil moisture across a large sensor network in the Southern Appalachian Mountains (USA). Water Resources Research 59: e2022WR034315. [online] [PDF]

Ebert, A., Frank, D.A., and Fridley, J.D. 2023. Contrasting mycorrhizal growth responses in native and invasive woody species are associated with distinct root trait syndromes. Functional Ecology 37: 2312-2324. [online] [PDF]

Fridley, J.D., Bellingham, P., Closset-Kopp, D., Daehler, C., Dechoum, M., Martin, P., Murphy, H., Rojas-Sandoval, J. & Tng, D. 2023. A general hypothesis of forest invasions by woody plants based on whole-plant carbon economics. Journal of Ecology 111: 4-22. [online] [PDF]

Lynn, J.S., Fridley, J.D. & Vandvik, V. 2023. More than what they eat: uncoupled biophysical constraints underlie geographic patterns of herbivory. Ecography 2023: e06114. [online] [PDF]


Fridley, J.D., Bauerle, T., Craddock, A., Ebert, A., Frank, D., Heberling, J.M., Hinman, E., Jo, I., Martinez, K., Smith, M., Woolhiser, L. & Yin, J. 2022. Fast but steady: an integrated leaf-stem-root trait syndrome for woody forest invaders. Ecology Letters 25: 900-912. [online] [PDF]

Beslity, J., Shaw, S.B., Drake, J.E., Fridley, J.D., Stella, J.C., Stark, J. & Singh, K. 2022. A low cost, low power sap flux device for distributed and intensive monitoring of tree transpiration. HardwareX: e00351. [online] [PDF]

Stark, J.M. and Fridley, J.D. 2022. Microclimate-based species distribution models in complex forested terrain indicate widespread cryptic refugia under climate change. Global Ecology and Biogeography 31: 562-575. [online] [PDF] [highlighted in The Hellbender Press, April 2023]

Lamit, L., Giovati, A., Jo, I., Frank, D.A. and Fridley, JD. 2022. Woody invaders are more highly colonized by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi than congeneric native species in a common garden. American Journal of Botany 109: 655-663. [online] [PDF]


In memoriam: Phil Grime, 1935-2021 [Trends in Ecology & Evolution] [PDF]

Pierce, S. and Fridley, J.D. 2021. John Philip Grime. Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 71: 251-270. [online]

Fridley, J.D., Jo, I., Hulme, P.E. & Duncan, R.P. 2021. A habitat-based assessment of the role of competition in plant invasions. Journal of Ecology, in press. [online] [PDF]

Griffin-Nolan, R.J., Mohanbabu, N., Araldi-Brondolo, S., Ebert, A.R., LeVonne, J., Lumbsden-Pinto, J.I., Roden, H., Stark, J.R., Tourville, J., Becklin, K.M., Drake, J.E., Frank, D.A., Lamit, L. J. and Fridley, J.D. 2021. Friend or foe? The role of biotic agents in drought-induced plant mortality. Plant Ecology 222: 537-548. [online] [PDF]

Brandt, A.J., Bellingham, P.J., Duncan, R.P., Etherington, T.R., Fridley, J.D., Howell, C.J., Hulme, P.E., Jo, I., McGlone, M.S., Richardson, S.J., Sullivan, J.J., Williams, P.A. & Peltzer, D.A. 2021. Naturalised plants transform the composition and function of the New Zealand flora. Biological Invasions 23: 351-366. [online] [PDF]


Hull, V., Frank, D.A. and Fridley, J.D. 2020. Woody invaders do not alter rhizosphere microbial activity in a temperate deciduous forest. Biological Invasions 22: 2599-2608. [online] [PDF]

Hinman, E.D. and Fridley, J.D. 2020. Impacts of experimental defoliation on native and invasive saplings: are native species more resilient to canopy disturbance? Tree Physiology 40: 969-979. [online] [PDF]

Jo, I., Fridley, J.D. and Frank, D.A. 2020. Rapid leaf litter decomposition of deciduous understory shrubs and lianas mediated by mesofauna. Plant Ecology 221: 63-68. [online] [PDF]


Kong, D. and Fridley, J.D. 2019. Does plant biomass partitioning reflect energetic investments in carbon and nutrient foraging? Functional Ecology 33: 1627-1637. [PDF]

Martinez, K.A., Fridley, J.D., Oguchi, R., Aiba, M. and Hikosaka, K. 2019. Functional shifts in leaves of woody invaders of deciduous forests between their home and away ranges. Tree Physiology 39: 1551-1560. [online] [PDF]

Heberling, J.M., McDonough MacKenzie, C., Fridley, J.D., Kalisz, S., and Primack, R. 2019. Phenological mismatch with trees reduces wildflower carbon budgets. Ecology Letters 222: 616-623. [PDF]

Hinman, E.D., Fridley, J.D., and Parry, D. 2019. Plant defense against generalist herbivores in the forest understory: a phylogenetic comparison of native and invasive species. Biological Invasions 21: 1269-1281. [PDF]

Heberling, J.M., Cassidy, S.T., Fridley, J.D., and Kalisz, S. 2019. Carbon gain phenologies of spring-flowering perennials in a deciduous forest indicate a novel niche for a widespread invader. New Phytologist 221: 778-788. [PDF]

Lynn, J.S. and Fridley, J.D. 2019. Geographic patterns of plant-herbivore interactions are driven by soil fertility. Journal of Plant Ecology 12: 653-661. [PDF]


Fridley, J.D. and Wright, J.P. 2018. Temperature accelerates the rate fields become forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 115: 4702-4706. [online] [PDF]

Hinman, E.D. and Fridley, J.D. 2018. To spend or to save? Assessing energetic growth-storage tradeoffs in native and invasive woody plants. Oecologia 188: 659-669. [online] [PDF]

Martinez, K.A. and Fridley, J.D. 2018. Acclimation of leaf traits in seasonal light environments: are non-native species more plastic? Journal of Ecology 106: 2019-2030. [online] [PDF]

Frank, D.A., Wallen, R., Hamilton, B., White, P.J., and Fridley, J.D. 2018. Manipulating the system: how large herbivores control bottom-up regulation of grasslands. Journal of Ecology 106: 434-443. [online] [PDF]

Basto, S., Thompson, K., Grime, J.P., Fridley, J.D., Calhim, S., Askew, A.P. and Rees, M. 2018. Severe effects of long-term drought on calcareous grassland seed banks. npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, 1(1): 1. [online] [PDF]


Fridley, J.D. 2017. Plant energetics and the synthesis of population and ecosystem ecology. Journal of Ecology 105: 95-110. [online] [PDF]

Jo, I., Fridley, J.D. and Frank, D.A. 2017. Invasive plants accelerate nitrogen cycling: evidence from experimental woody monocultures. Journal of Ecology 105: 1105-1110. [online] [PDF]

Sayer, E.J., Oliver, A.E., Fridley, J.D., Askew, A.P., Mills, R.T.E. and Grime, J.P. 2017. Links between soil microbial communities and plant traits in a species-rich grassland under long-term climate change. Ecology & Evolution 7: 855-862. [online] [PDF]

Zohner, C., Benito, B., Fridley, J.D., Svenning, J.-C. and Renner, S. 2017. Spring predictability explains different leaf-out strategies in the woody floras of North America, Europe, and East Asia. Ecology Letters 20: 452-460. [PDF]

Heberling, J.M., Jo, I., Kozhevnikov, A., Lee, H. and Fridley, J.D. 2017. Biotic interchange in the Anthropocene: strong asymmetry in East Asian and Eastern North American plant invasions. Global Ecology and Biogeography 26: 447-458. [PDF]


Fridley, J.D., Lynn, J.S., Grime, J.P. and Askew, A.P. 2016. Longer growing seasons shift grassland vegetation towards more-productive species. Nature Climate Change 6: 865-868. [online] [PDF]

Jo, I., Fridley, J.D. and Frank, D.A. 2016. More of the same? In situ leaf and root decomposition rates do not vary between 80 native and non-native deciduous forest species. New Phytologist 209: 115-122. [PDF] [Commentary article]

Heberling, J.M., Kichey, T., Decocq, G., and Fridley, J.D. 2016. Plant functional shifts in the invaded range: a test with reciprocal forest invaders of Europe and North America. Functional Ecology 30: 875-884. [PDF]

Heberling, J.M. and Fridley, J.D. 2016. Invaders do not require high resource levels to maintain physiological advantages in a temperate deciduous forest. Ecology 97: 874-884. [PDF] 

Negoita, L., Fridley, J.D., Lomolino, M., Mittelhauser, G., Craine, J., and Weiher, E. 2016. Isolation-driven functional assembly of plant communities on islands. Ecography 39: 1066-1077. [online]


Fridley, J.D. and Craddock, A. 2015. Contrasting growth phenology of native and invasive forest shrubs mediated by genome size. New Phytologist 207: 659-668. [PDF] [Research Highlight in Nature PlantsRecommended by Faculty of 1000

Fraser, L.H., et al. 2015. Worldwide evidence of a unimodal relationship between productivity and plant species richness. Science 349: 302-305. [online] [PDF]

Lesser, M.R. and Fridley, J.D. 2015. Global change at the landscape level: relating regional and landscape-scale drivers of historical climate trends in the Southern Appalachians. International Journal of Climatology 36: 1197-1209. [PDF]

Ravenscroft, C.H., Whitlock, R., and Fridley, J.D. 2015. Rapid genetic divergence in response to 15 years of simulated climate change. Global Change Biology 21: 4165-4176. [PDF]

Frank, D.A., Pontes, A., Maine, E., and Fridley, J.D. 2015. Fine-scale belowground species associations in temperate grassland. Molecular Ecology 24: 3206-3216. [PDF]

Yin, J., Fridley, J.D., Smith, M., and Bauerle, T. 2015. Xylem vessel traits predict the leaf phenology of native and non-native understory species of temperate deciduous forests. Functional Ecology 30: 206-214. [PDF]

Jo, I., Fridley, J.D. and Frank, D.A. 2015. Linking above- and belowground resource use strategies for native and invasive species of temperate deciduous forests. Biological Invasions 17: 1545-1554. [PDF]

Meiners, S.J., Cadotte, M.W., Fridley, J.D., Pickett, S.T.A. and Walker, L.R. 2015. Is successional research nearing its climax? New approaches for understanding dynamic communities. Functional Ecology 29: 154-164. [PDF]

Siefert, A., Lesser, M.R., and Fridley, J.D. 2015. How do climate and dispersal traits limit ranges of tree species along latitudinal and elevational gradients? Global Ecology and Biogeography 24: 581-593. [PDF]


Fridley, J.D. and Sax, D.F. 2014. The imbalance of nature: revisiting a Darwinian framework for invasion biology. Global Ecology and Biogeography 23: 1157-1166. [PDF] [Read coverage of the article in Carl Zimmer's NY Times column.]

Siefert, A., Fridley, J.D., and Ritchie, M.E. 2014. Community functional responses to soil and climate at multiple spatial scales: when does intraspecific variation matter? PLoS ONE 9(10): e111189. [online]

Smith, M.S., Fridley, J.D., Goebel, M., and Bauerle, T.L. 2014. Links between belowground and aboveground resource-related traits reveal species growth strategies that promote invasive advantages. PLoS ONE 9(8): e104189. [online]

Ravenscroft, C.H., Fridley, J.D., and Grime, J.P. 2014. Intraspecific functional differentiation suggests local adaptation to long-term climate change in a calcareous grassland. Journal of Ecology 102: 65-73. [PDF]

Raney, P.A., Fridley, J.D., and Leopold, D.J. 2014. Characterizing microclimate and plant community variation in wetlands. Wetlands 34: 43-53. [PDF]


Heberling, J.M. and Fridley, J.D. 2013. Resource-use strategies of native and invasive plants in Eastern North American forests. New Phytologist 200: 523-533. [PDF]

Fridley, J.D. 2013. Plant invasions across the Northern Hemisphere: a deep-time perspective. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1293: 8-17. [PDF]

Fridley, J.D. 2013. Successional convergence, stochastic assembly, and the future of tropical forests. Journal of Vegetation Science 24: 415-416. [PDF]

Smith, M.S., Fridley, J.D., Yin, J., and Bauerle, T.L. 2013. Contrasting xylem vessel constraints on hydraulic conductivity between native and non-native woody understory species. Frontiers in Plant Science 4: 486. [PDF]

Eallonardo, A.S., Leopold, D.J., Fridley, J.D., and Stella, J.C. 2013. Salinity tolerance and the decoupling of resource axis plant traits. Journal of Vegetation Science 24: 365-274. [PDF]


Fridley, J.D. 2012. Extended leaf phenology and the autumn niche in deciduous forest invasions. Nature 485: 359-362. [PDF]

Fridley, J.D., Grime, J.P., Huston, M.A., Pierce, S., Smart, S.M., Thompson, K., Börger, L., Brooker, R.W., Gross, N., Liancourt, P., Michalet, R. and Le Bagousse-Pinguet, Y. 2012. Comment on "Productivity is a poor predictor of plant species richness". Science 335: 1441b. [online] [PDF]

Heberling, J.M. and Fridley, J.D. 2012. Biogeographic constraints on the worldwide leaf economics spectrum. Global Ecology and Biogeography 21:1137-1146. [PDF]

Siefert, A., Ravenscoft, C., Althoff, D., Alvarez-Yapiz, J.C., Carter, E., Glennon, K., Heberling, M., Jo, I., Pontes, A., Sauer, A., Willis, A., and Fridley, J.D. 2012. Scale dependence of vegetation-environment relationships: a meta-analysis of multivariate data. Journal of Vegetation Science 23: 942-951. [PDF]

Fridley, J.D. and Wright, J.P. 2012. Drivers of secondary succession rates across temperate latitudes of the Eastern U.S.: climate, soils, and species pools. Oecologia 168: 1069-1077. [online] [PDF]

Grime, J.P. and Fridley, J.D. 2012. Species richness in herbaceous vegetation. In: Levin, S.A., Ed. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, 2nd Edition. Elsevier.


Askew, A.P., Fridley, J.D., and Grime, J.P. 2011. Predicting future impacts of global change on grassland ecosystems: the role of long-term manipulations of climate. In Lemaire, G. (ed), Grassland Productivity and Ecosystem Services. CABI.

Moser, B., Fridley, J.D., Grime, J.P., and Askew, A.P. 2011. Simulated migration in a long-term climate change experiment: invasions impeded by dispersal limitation, not biotic resistance. Journal of Ecology 99: 1229-1236. [PDF]

Fridley, J.D., Grime, J.P., Askew, A.P., Moser, B., and Stevens, C.J. 2011. Soil heterogeneity buffers community response to climate change in species-rich grassland. Global Change Biology 17: 2002-2011. [PDF]

Manthey, M., Fridley, J.D. and Peet, R.K. 2011. Niche expansion after competitor extinction? A comparative assessment of habitat generalists and specialists in the tree floras of southeastern North America and southeastern Europe. Journal of Biogeography 38: 840-853. [PDF]

Fridley, J.D. 2011. Biodiversity as a bulwark against invasion: conceptual threads since Elton. In: Richardson, D.M. ed. Fifty years of invasion ecology: the legacy of Charles Elton. Blackwell, pp. 121-130.

Fridley, J.D. 2011. Invasibility of communities and ecosystems. In: Simberloff, D. and Rejmanek, M., eds. Encyclopedia of biological invasions. University of California Press, pp. 356-360. [PDF]


Frank, D.A., Pontes, A.W., Maine, E.M., Caruana, J., Raina, R., Raina, S., and Fridley, J.D. 2010. Grassland root communities: species distributions and how they are linked to aboveground abundance. Ecology 91: 3201-3209. [PDF]

Fridley, J.D. and Grime, J.P. 2010. Community- and ecosystem-level consequences of intraspecific genetic diversity in grassland microcosms of varying species diversity. Ecology 91: 2272-2283. [PDF]

Wright, J.P. and Fridley, J.D. 2010. Biogeographic synthesis of secondary succession rates in Eastern North America. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1584-1596. [PDF] (Editor's Choice Sept 2010)


Fridley, J.D., Senft, A., and Peet, R.K. 2009. Vegetation structure of field margins and adjacent forests in agricultural landscapes of the North Carolina Piedmont (USA). Castanea 74: 327-339. [PDF]

Fridley, J.D. 2009. Downscaling climate over complex terrain: high fine-scale spatial variation of near-ground temperatures in a montane forested landscape (Great Smoky Mountains, USA). Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 48: 1033-1049. [PDF] [Supplemental Information]

Manthey, M. and Fridley, J.D. 2009. Beta diversity metrics and the estimation of niche width via species co-occurrence data: reply to Zeleny. Journal of Ecology 97: 18-22. [PDF]


Fridley, J.D. 2008. Of Asian forests and European fields: Eastern U.S. plant invasions in a global floristic context. PLoS ONE 3: e3630. [online] [PDF]

Grime, J.P., Fridley, J.D., Askew, A.P., Thompson, K., Hodgson, J.G., and Bennett, C.R. 2008. Long-term resistance to simulated climate change in an infertile grassland. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 105: 10028-10032. [PDF]

Palmer, M., McGlinn, D., and Fridley, J.D. 2008. Artifacts and artifictions in biodiversity research. Folia Geobotanica 43: 245-257. [PDF]


Qian, H., Fridley, J.D., and Palmer, M. W. 2007. The latitudinal gradient of species-area relationships of vascular plants of North America. The American Naturalist 170: 690-701. [PDF]

Fridley, J.D., Grime, J.P., and Bilton, M. 2007. Genetic identity of interspecific neighbours mediates plant responses to competition and environmental variation in a species-rich grassland. Journal of Ecology 95: 908-915. [PDF] (Editor's Choice of the Sept issue)

Fridley, J.D., Vandermast, D.B., Kuppinger, D.M., Manthey, M., and Peet, R.K. 2007. Co-occurrence-based assessment of habitat generalists and specialists: a new approach for the measurement of niche width. Journal of Ecology 95: 707-722. [PDF]

Fridley, J.D., Stachowicz, J.J., Naeem, S., Sax, D.F., Seabloom, E.W., Smith, M.D., Stohlgren, T.J., Tilman, D., and Von Holle, B. 2007. The invasion paradox: reconciling pattern and process in species invasions. Ecology 88: 3-17. [PDF]

to 2006

Fridley, J.D., Peet, R.K., van der Maarel, E., and Willems, J.H. 2006. Integration of local and regional species-area relationships from space-time species accumulation. The American Naturalist 168:133-143. [PDF]

Fridley, J.D., Qian, H., White, P.S., and Palmer, M.W. 2006. Plant species invasions along the latitudinal gradient in the United States: comment. Ecology 87:3209-3213. [PDF]

Bruno, J.F., Fridley, J.D., Bromberg, K.D., and Bertness, M.D. 2005. Insights into biotic interactions from studies of species invasions. In: Sax, D.F., Gaines, S.D., and Stachowicz, J.J., eds. Species invasions: insights into ecology, evolution, and biogeography. Sinauer, Sunderland, MA.

Fridley, J.D., Peet, R.K., White, PS, and Wentworth, T.R. 2005. Connecting fine- and broad-scale species-area relationships of Southeastern U.S. flora. Ecology 86: 1172-1177. [PDF]

Fridley, J.D., Brown, R.L., and Bruno, J.F. 2004. Null models of exotic invasion and scale-dependent patterns of native and exotic species richness. Ecology 85: 3215-3222. [PDF]

Peet, R.K., Fridley, J.D., and Gramling, J.M. 2003. Variation in species richness and species pool size across a pH gradient in forests of the Southern Blue Ridge Mountains. Folia Geobotanica 38: 391-401. [PDF]

Fridley, J.D. 2003. Diversity effects on productivity in different light and nutrient environments: an experiment with communities of annual plants. Journal of Ecology 91: 396-406. [PDF]

Brown, R.L. and Fridley, J.D. 2003. Control of plant species diversity and community invasibility by species immigration: seed richness versus seed density. Oikos 102: 15-24. [PDF]

Fridley, J.D. 2002. Resource availability dominates and alters the relationship between species diversity and ecosystem productivity in experimental plant communities. Oecologia 132: 271-277. [PDF]

Fridley, J.D. 2001. The influence of species diversity on ecosystem productivity: how, where, and why? Oikos 93: 514-526. [PDF]

Huston, M.A., Aarssen, L.W., Austin, M.P., Cade, B.S., Fridley, J.D., Garnier, E., Grime, J.P., Hodgson, J., Lauenroth, W.K., Thompson, K., Vandermeer, J.H., and Wardle, D.A. 2000. No consistent effect of plant diversity on productivity (Technical Comment). Science 289: 1255a. [PDF]

Fridley, J.D. 1998. The flora and fauna of Duke Paul's Missouri. In: Hans von Sachsen-Altenburg and Robert L. Dyer, Duke Paul of Wuerttemberg on the Missouri Frontier: 1823, 1830 and 1851. Pekitanoui, Boonville, MO.